The complexity boar.
I read an article today about why we don’t ship software as fast as we used to.
There is nothing in the article I disagree with (he’s fairly careful to not point fingers) but I think it could be strengthed.
I would make the larger claim that we are currently battling, a complexity boar–and we are losing. No matter how much a few of us stab it with our steely knives, we just can’t kill the beast. (Apologies to Glenn Frey.) If one thinks about the backend, middle-end, and front-end together, software development is probably battling a whole sounder of boars.
I’m not going to try to put too fine a point on it, but there are two easy to point to complexity boars (tm). The first of these is the proliferation and adoption of front-end frameworks.
Another article published today, coincidentally: https://matt-rickard.com/why-is-the-frontend-stack-so-complicated?utm_source=tldrwebdev
In a previous job where I managed front end developers I would call this problem the “front end framework du jour”. That is only a mild exaggeration. The number of frameworks, the complexity and requirements of these frameworks, the use of the npm package manager, and the complexity of the tooling that using so many frameworks requires of the user is, frankly, silly. I saw a developer with 20+ years of experience with many different tools, toolkits, programming languages, etc run screaming away from the front end because of the complexity and mental load to understand all these pieces– naturally, which seem to change frequently. I’m recovered pretty well from that experience now.
The other complexity problem is microservices. Microservices convert the simplicity of a single program with easy to understand causality into a distributed system that is much harder to reason about/program for. This complexity of the microservices is allegedly to buy some benefits like reliability/redundancy, horizontal scaling, easier development (because each team only has one responsibility, their service), and easier deployment for the same reason. These alleged benefits are probably true for a company who is already “at scale”, whatever that meeans.
If you are a company that has 100,000 concurrent users or one with extreme SLA requirements that require no downtime, then the microservice approach probably buys you some things. However, the vast majority of businesses are not anywhere near that scale. A simple golang backend in a monolith with a single server that costs $1/hr can probably handle 60 to 70 thousand requests per second. (See https://medium.com/smsjunk/handling-1-million-requests-per-minute-with-golang-f70ac505fcaa) It is not out of the range of reason to suggest that with a bit of tuning that a single, monolithic server that costs $1/hour could handle 200,000 requests per second. Wait, if I have 100,000 concurrent users, how many requests per second would they generate?
Microservices also ignore two key wins of a monolith, especially one that is decently well built. Because it is so much simpler to build and deploy, the monolith gives you two time advantages. If you can build it more easily, you’ll be able to get a version of it out to the world quicker. The benefits first mover advantage and fast failure/feedback are covered in detail in many hundreds of books both in the software field and the business field.
I’ll close with this. If you are developer: How much time per week would you save if you were not fighting the front end frameworks and/or the microservice architecture on the back end? You can DM your answers if you don’t want them to be posted publicly in the comments.